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CentOS7下编译安装PHP5.4.45并编译php-fpm

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目录:
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系统环境

uname -a
Linux localhost.localdomain 3.10.0-514.el7.x86_64 #1 SMP Tue Nov 22 16:42:41 UTC 2016 x86_64 x86_64 x86_64 GNU/Linux
cat /etc/redhat-release
CentOS Linux release 7.3.1611 (Core)
date
Fri Feb 2 22:12:58 CST 2018

所需文件

源码

PHP : http://sg2.php.net/distributions/php-5.4.45.tar.gz

编译环境
gcc
依赖:cpp、glibc-devel、glibc-headers、kernel-headers、libmpc、mpfr
伴随升级:glibc、glibc-common、libgcc、libgomp
gcc-c++
依赖:libstdc++-devel
伴随升级:libstdc++

yum install gcc gcc-c++

依赖软件

yum install wget vim

wget用于下载,vim方便编辑文件

编译安装需要对应功能的头文件,头文件的获得方式有两个方式,一个是通过yum安装对应的devel包,里面就包含了编译过程中所需要文件;另外一种方式就是下载需要的源码包,并且解压缩,然后在configue中指定源文件位置即可。

开始安装

安装php依赖

这里使用yum进行安装,当然,也可以选择使用源码包。使用源码时,最好选择与yum相对应的版本,否则可能会不现兼容性问题。

源码下载位置:http://vault.centos.org/centos/7/os/Source/SPackages/

yum install libxml2-devel    #2.9.1
yum install openssl openssl-devel   #1.0.2k
yum install bzip2 bzip2-devel   #1.0.6
yum install curl curl-devel   #7.29.0
yum install libjpeg libjpeg-devel   #libjpeg-turbo-1.2.90
yum install libpng libpng-devel  #1.5.13
yum install libxslt libxslt-devel  #1.1.28
yum install freetype freetype-devel   #2.4.11
yum install gmp gmp-devel   #6.0.0
yum install icu libicu-devel   #50.1.2
yum install -y epel-release && yum install -y libmcrypt libmcrypt-devel   #2.5.8该包CentOS默认源中没有,所以使用epel的源
yum install unixODBC unixODBC-devel #2.3.1
下面这些会依赖安装,如不确定也可手动再安装一次
gettext   #0.18.2.1
zlib   #1.2.7
pcre   #8.32
libpng   #1.5.13

若使用源码方式,为保证功能完整性,需安装以下包:

安装php

php:

wget http://sg2.php.net/distributions/php-5.4.45.tar.gz
tar zxvf php-5.4.45.tar.gz
cd php-5.4.45
./configure \
--prefix=/opt/web_engine/php \
--with-config-file-path=/opt/web_engine/php/etc \
--with-gettext \
--with-gmp \
--with-mysql \
--with-openssl \
--with-pdo-mysql \
--with-bz2 \
--with-curl \
--with-mcrypt \
--with-mhash \
--with-freetype-dir \
--with-unixODBC=/usr/ \
--with-pdo-odbc=unixODBC,/usr/ \
--with-libxml-dir \
--with-zlib \
--with-pcre-dir \
--with-gd \
--with-jpeg-dir \
--with-png-dir \
--with-xmlrpc \
--with-libxml-dir \
--with-xsl \
--enable-soap \
--enable-sysvmsg \
--enable-wddx \
--enable-zip \
--enable-exif \
--enable-intl \
--enable-bcmath \
--enable-calendar \
--enable-mbstring \
--enable-shmop \
--enable-fpm \
--enable-sockets
make && make install
Installing PHP CLI binary: /opt/web_engine/php/bin/
Installing PHP CLI man page: /opt/web_engine/php/php/man/man1/
Installing PHP FPM binary: /opt/web_engine/php/sbin/
Installing PHP FPM config: /opt/web_engine/php/etc/
Installing PHP FPM man page: /opt/web_engine/php/php/man/man8/
Installing PHP FPM status page: /opt/web_engine/php/php/fpm/
Installing PHP CGI binary: /opt/web_engine/php/bin/
Installing PHP CGI man page: /opt/web_engine/php/php/man/man1/
Installing build environment: /opt/web_engine/php/lib/php/build/
Installing header files: /opt/web_engine/php/include/php/
Installing helper programs: /opt/web_engine/php/bin/
program: phpize
program: php-config
Installing man pages: /opt/web_engine/php/php/man/man1/
page: phpize.1
page: php-config.1
Installing PEAR environment: /opt/web_engine/php/lib/php/
[PEAR] Archive_Tar - installed: 1.3.12
[PEAR] Console_Getopt - installed: 1.3.1
[PEAR] Structures_Graph- installed: 1.0.4
[PEAR] XML_Util - installed: 1.2.3
[PEAR] PEAR - installed: 1.9.5
Wrote PEAR system config file at: /opt/web_engine/php/etc/pear.conf
You may want to add: /opt/web_engine/php/lib/php to your php.ini include_path
/root/php-5.4.45/build/shtool install -c ext/phar/phar.phar /opt/web_engine/php/bin
ln -s -f /opt/web_engine/php/bin/phar.phar /opt/web_engine/php/bin/phar
Installing PDO headers: /opt/web_engine/php/include/php/ext/pdo/
后续工作

拷贝源码目录下的php.ini-production到编译时指定的配置文件目录

cp /root/php-5.4.45/php.ini-production /opt/web_engine/php/etc
cd /opt/web_engine/php/etc && cp php.ini-production php.ini
cd /opt/web_engine/php/etc && cp php-fpm.conf.default php-fpm.conf

另外,若有知定义php扩展,则安装扩展

检查PHP版本
/opt/web_engine/php/bin/php -v
PHP 5.4.45 (cli) (built: Feb 2 2018 15:44:07)
Copyright (c) 1997-2014 The PHP Group
Zend Engine v2.4.0, Copyright (c) 1998-2014 Zend Technologies
查看详细信息
/opt/web_engine/php/bin/php -i
...
systemd配置

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